COMET Publications

COMET Annual Reports

2024

Freysteinn Sigmundsson et al. (2024) Fracturing and tectonic stress drives ultrarapid magma flow into dikes, Science10.1126/science.adn2838

Brock A. Edwards, Melissa A. Pfeffer, Evgenia Ilyinskaya, Barbara I. Kleine-Marshall, Céline L. Mandon, Adam Cotterill, Alessandro Aiuppa, Peter M. Outridge, Feiyue Wang (2024) Exceptionally low mercury concentrations and fluxes from the 2021 and 2022 eruptions of Fagradalsfjall volcano, IcelandScience of The Total Environment, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.170457.

Maria C Araya, Juliet Biggs (2024) Towards a geodetic earthquake catalogue for Central America: detecting coseismic deformation in Costa Rica using Sentinel-1 InSARGeophysical Journal International10.1093/gji/ggae021

England, P., Matsumoto, T., & Wallis, S. (2024). Implications of surface heat flux for shear stress and temperature on the plate interface beneath northern HonshuGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems10.1029/2023GC011285

Parks, M. M., Sigmundsson, F., Drouin, V., Hreinsdóttir, S., Hooper, A., Yang, Y., et al. (2024). 2021–2023 unrest and geodetic observations at Askja volcano, IcelandGeophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2023GL106730

Fendley, I.M., Frieling, J., Mather, T.A. et al. (2024) Early Jurassic large igneous province carbon emissions constrained by sedimentary mercuryNat. Geosci10.1038/s41561-024-01378-5

Biggs, Juliet and Rafferty, Timothy and Macha, Jonny and Dualeh, Edna and Weber, Gregor and Burgisser, Alain and Carroll, Finbar and Hart, Lauren and Rust, Alison and Gilbertson, Mark (2024) Fracturing Around Magma Reservoirs Causes Variations in Surface Uplift Rates Even at Constant Volumetric Flux. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4744033 or 10.2139/ssrn.4744033

B Esse, M Burton, C Hayer, R Contreras-Arratia, T Christopher (2024) SO2 emissions during the 2021 eruption of La Soufrière, St Vincent, revealed with back-trajectory analysis of TROPOMI imagery, Geol Soc Special publication, 10.1144/SP539-2022-77

Paine, A. R., Fendley, I. M., Frieling, J., Mather, T. A., Lacey, J. H., Wagner, B., Robinson, S. A., Pyle, D. M., Francke, A., Them II, T. R., and Panagiotopoulos, K. (2024) Mercury records covering the past 90 000 years from lakes Prespa and Ohrid, SE Europe, Biogeosciences, 10.5194/bg-21-531-2024

Turner, A. R., Hawthorne, J. C., & Cattania, C. (2024) Partial ruptures cannot explain the long recurrence intervals of repeating earthquakes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 10.1029/2023JB027870

Lau, S., Grainger, R. G., & Taylor, I. A. (2024) Characterizing volcanic ash density and its implications on settling dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 10.1029/2023JD039903

Bamber, E.C., La Spina, G., Arzilli, F. et al. (2024) Outgassing behaviour during highly explosive basaltic eruptions, Commun Earth Environ, 10.1038/s4324 7-023-01182-w

Emily M. Mason, Marie Edmonds, Samantha Hammond, Evgenia Ilyinskaya, Frances Jenner, Barbara Kunz, Emma J. Nicholson, Gabriela Velasquez (2024) Chalcophile element degassing at an active continental arc volcano, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 10.1016/j.gca.2023.12.014

Gueugneau, ValentinCharbonnier, Sylvain; Miller, Victoria L.,Cole, Paul., Grandin, Raphaël., Dualeh, Edna W. (2023) Modelling pyroclastic density currents of the April 2021 La Soufrière, St Vincent eruption: from rapid invasion maps to field-constrained numerical simulations, Geological Society Special Publication10.1144/SP539-2022-290

2023

Lorena Rosell, Carlos Benavente, Swann Zerathe, Sam Wimpenny, Enoch Aguirre, Richard Walker, Christoph Grützner, Briant García, Laurence Audin, Andy Combey (2023) Holocene Earthquakes on the Tambomachay Fault near Cusco, Central Andes, Tektonika, 10.55575/tektonika2023.1.2.27

Bateson, L., Novellino, A., Hussain, E., Arnhardt, R. and Nguyen, H.K. (2023) Urban development induced subsidence in deltaic environments: A case study in Hanoi, Vietnam, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 10.1016/j.jag.2023.103585

Stanley Tze Hou Yip, Juliet Biggs, Marie Edmonds, Philippa Liggins (2023) The role of pre-eruptive gas segregation on co-eruptive deformation and SO2 emissions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118548

Jingqiu Huang, Hugh Sinclair, Prakash Pokhrel & C. Scott Watson (2023) Rapid subsidence in the Kathmandu Valley recorded using Sentinel-1 InSAR, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10.1080/01431161.2023.2283902

Wimpenny, S., Craig, T., & Blackwell, A. (2023). Lower-crustal normal faulting and lithosphere rheology in the Atlas foreland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 10.1029/2023JB028090

N Marshall, Q Ou, G Begenjev, E Bergman, Y Bezmenov, N Dodds, C Gruetzner, T Hudson, I Pierce, R Mirzin, E Rhodes, R T Walker, P Wordsworth (2023) Seismotectonic aspects of the Ms 7.3 1948 October 5th Aşgabat (Ashgabat) earthquake, Türkmenistan: right-lateral rupture across multiple fault segments, and continuing urban hazard, Geophysical Journal International, 10.1093/gji/ggad488

Taylor, I. A., Grainger, R. G., Prata, A. T., Proud, S. R., Mather, T. A., and Pyle, D. M. (2023) A satellite chronology of plumes from the April 2021 eruption of La Soufrière, St Vincent, Atmos. Chem. Phys, 10.5194/acp-23-15209-2023

Burton, M., Aiuppa, A., Allard, P. et al. (2023) Exceptional eruptive CO2 emissions from intra-plate alkaline magmatism in the Canary volcanic archipelago, Commun Earth Environ, 10.1038/s43247-023-01103-x

S Lapins, A Butcher, J Kendall, TS Hudson, AL Stork, MJ Werner, J Gunning, AM Brisbourne (2023) DAS-N2N: Machine learning Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) signal denoising without clean data, GJI, 10.1093/gji/ggad460

Z. Sadeghi, T. Wright, A. Hooper and S. Selvakumaran (2023) Using Ray Tracing to Improve Bridge Monitoring With High-Resolution SAR Satellite Imagery, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 10.1109/JSTARS.2023.3335284

Crozier, J., Karlstrom, L., Montgomery-Brown, E. et al. (2023) Understanding the drivers of volcano deformation through geodetic model verification and validation, Bull Volcanol, 10.1007/s00445-023-01687-4

Sajjad Sajedizadeh & Yasser Maghsoudi (2023) PS-Insar point cloud densification using Sentinel-1 and TerraSAR-X data, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10.1080/01431161.2023.2266121

Thapa, S., Sinclair, H.D., Creed, M.J., Mudd, S.M., Attal, M., Borthwick, A.G.L. et al. (2023)The impact of sediment flux and calibre on flood risk in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 10.1002/esp.5731

Henrik H. Svensen, Morgan T. Jones, Tamsin A. Mather (2023) Large Igneous Provinces and the Release of Thermogenic Volatiles from Sedimentary Basins, Elements 2023, 10.2138/gselements.19.5.282

Hesselbo, S. P., Al-Suwaidi, A., Baker, S. J., et al (2023) Initial results of coring at Prees, Cheshire Basin, UK (ICDP JET project): towards an integrated stratigraphy, timescale, and Earth system understanding for the Early Jurassic, Sci. Dril, 10.5194/sd-32-1-2023

Hussain, E., Gunawan, E., Hanifa, N. R., and Zahro, Q. (2023) The seismic hazard from the Lembang Fault, Indonesia, derived from InSAR and GNSS data, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci, 10.5194/nhess-23-3185-2023

Diercks, M.-L., Mildon, Z. K., Boulton, S. J., Hussain, E., Alçiçek, C. M., Yıldırım, C., & Aykut, T. (2023) Constraining historical earthquake sequences with Coulomb stress models: An example from western Türkiye, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 10.1029/2023JB026627

Reddin, E., Ebmeier, S.K., Rivalta, E. et al. (2023) Magmatic connectivity among six Galápagos volcanoes revealed by satellite geodesy, Nat Commun, 10.1038/s41467-023-42157-x

Dibesh Shrestha, Divas B. Basnyat, Januka Gyawali, Maggie J. Creed, Hugh D. Sinclair, Brian Golding, Manoranjan Muthusamy, Shankar Shrestha, C. Scott Watson, Divya L. Subedi, Rojina Haiju (2023) Rainfall extremes under future climate change with implications for urban flood risk in Kathmandu, Nepal, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2023.103997

Parks, M., Sigmundsson, F., Drouin, V. et al. (2023) Deformation, seismicity, and monitoring response preceding and during the 2022 Fagradalsfjall eruption, Iceland, Bull Volcanol, 10.1007/s00445-023-01671-y

Gang Li, Xiao Chen, Hui Lin, Andrew Hooper, Zhuoqi Chen & Xiao Cheng (2023) Glacier melt detection at different sites of Greenland ice sheet using dual-polarized Sentinel-1 images, Geo-spatial Information Science, 10.1080/10095020.2023.2252034

Abdrakhmatov, K., Berezina, A., Walker, R., Frolova, F., Gruetzner, C., Grebennikova, V., Pershina, E., Sokolova, N., & Moldobekova, S. 2023. Earthquakes of Kyrgyzstan. National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Institute of Seismology. ISBN 978-9967-12-952-8

M.R. Koymans, E. de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, J. Sepúlveda, L.G. Evers, J.M. Giniaux, R. Grapenthin, A. Hooper, B.G. Ófeigsson, F. Sigmundsson, Y. Yang (2023) Decades of subsidence followed by rapid uplift: Insights from microgravity data at Askja Volcano, Iceland, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2023.107890

Gunawan, E., Amey, R., Elliott, J. et al. (2023) Coseismic deformation of the 19 August 2018 Mw 7.2 Lombok earthquakes, Indonesia, estimated through InSAR and GPS observations, Nat Hazards, 10.1007/s11069-023-06142-3

Copley, A., Weller, O. & Bain, H. (2023) Diapirs of crystal-rich slurry explain granite emplacement temperature and duration, Sci Rep, 10.1038/s41598-023-40805-2

Romero, J.E., Polacci, M., Arzilli, F. et al. (2023) Long-term volcano evolution controlled by lateral collapse at Antuco volcano, southern Andes, Chile, Commun Earth Environ, 10.1038/s43247-023-00931-1

Ben Esse, Mike Burton, Catherine Hayer, Melissa Anne Pfeffer, Sara Barsotti, Nicolas Theys, Talfan Barnie, Manuel Titos (2023) Satellite derived SO2 emissions from the relatively low-intensity, effusive 2021 eruption of Fagradalsfjall, Iceland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118325

M. Lo, A. Loisel, M. Burton, E.W. Llewellin (2023) Evaluating bubble chain phenomena as a mechanism for open system degassing in basaltic systems, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2023.107874

Henrik H. Svensen, Morgan T. Jones, Lawrence M.E. Percival, Stephen E. Grasby, Tamsin A. Mather (2023) Release of mercury during contact metamorphism of shale: Implications for understanding the impacts of large igneous province volcanism, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118306

van Zelst, I., Thieulot, C., and Craig, T. J. (2023)The effect of temperature-dependent material properties on simple thermal models of subduction zones, Solid Earth, 10.5194/se-14-683-2023

Aubry, T. J., Engwell, S. L., Bonadonna, C., Mastin, L. G., Carazzo, G., Van Eaton, A. R., et al. (2023) New insights into the relationship between mass eruption rate and volcanic column height based on the IVESPA data set, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2022GL102633

A.P. Jenkins, A.C. Rust, J. Blundy, J. Biggs (2023) Magnetotelluric investigations at Andean volcanoes: Partial melt or saline magmatic fluids? Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2023.107852

Rygus, M.; Novellino, A.; Hussain, E.; Syafiudin, F.; Andreas, H.; Meisina, C. (2023) A Clustering Approach for the Analysis of InSAR Time Series: Application to the Bandung Basin (Indonesia), Remote Sens, 10.3390/rs15153776

Holmgren JM, Werner MJ, Goda K, et al. (2023) A relocated earthquake catalog and ground motion database for the southern East African rift system, Earthquake Spectra, 10.1177/87552930231173450

Timothy J Craig and others (2023)A Cautionary Tale: examples of the mis-location of small earthquakes beneath the Tibetan plateau by routine approaches, Geophysical Journal International, 10.1093/gji/ggad025

Dan Sandiford , Timothy J Craig (2023)Plate bending earthquakes and the strength distribution of the lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, 10.1093/gji/ggad230

Silvia Massaro, Laura Sandri, Adelina Geyer, Chiara Cristiani, Rosella Nave, Sara Barsotti, Susan Loughlin, Giuseppe Puglisi (2023) Surveying volcanic crises exercises: From open-question questionnaires to a prototype checklist, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2023.107850

James Jackson, Dan McKenzie (2023) Reverse-faulting earthquakes and the tectonics of slowly-spreading mid-ocean ridge axes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118279

Wimpenny, S., Craig, T., & Marcou, S. (2023) Re-examining temporal variations in intermediate-depth seismicity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 10.1029/2022JB026269

Watson, C. S., Elliott, J. R., Ebmeier, S. K., Biggs, J., Albino, F., Brown, S. K., Burns, H., Hooper, A., Lazecky, M., Maghsoudi, Y., Rigby, R., and Wright, T. J. (2023) Strategies for improving the communication of satellite-derived InSAR data for geohazards through the analysis of Twitter and online data portals, Geosci. Commun, 10.5194/gc-6-75-2023

Wong, K., Ferguson, D., Wieser, P., Morgan, D., Edmonds, M., Tadesse, A. Z., et al. (2023)Focused mid-crustal magma intrusion during continental break-up in Ethiopia, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2023GL103257

N.R Abdullayev and C. Bertoni and A.S. Javadova and S. E. Kazimova and R.T. Walker and Sh.M. Huseynova (2023) Evolution of the South Caspian Basin – evidence from offshore seismic and onshore active tectonics, ANAS Transactions, Earth Sciences, 10.33677/ggianasconf20230300009

Marchamalo-Sacristán, M.; Ruiz-Armenteros, A.M.; Lamas-Fernández, F.; González-Rodrigo, B.; Martínez-Marín, R.; Delgado-Blasco, J.M.; Bakon, M.; Lazecky, M.; Perissin, D.; Papco, J.; et al (2023) MT-InSAR and Dam Modeling for the Comprehensive Monitoring of an Earth-Fill Dam: The Case of the Benínar Dam (Almería, Spain), Remote Sens, 10.3390/rs15112802

Liu, F., Elliott, J. R., Ebmeier, S. K., Craig, T. J., Hooper, A., Novoa Lizama, C., & Delgado, F. (2023) First onset of unrest captured at Socompa: A recent geodetic survey at Central Andean volcanoes in Northern Chile, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2022GL102480

Lazecký, M., Hooper, A. J., & Piromthong, P. (2023) InSAR-derived horizontal velocities in a global reference frame, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2022GL101173

C. Scott Watson, John R. Elliott, Marco Córdova, Jonathan Menoscal & Santiago Bonilla-Bedoya (2023) Evaluating night-time light sources and correlation with socio-economic development using high-resolution multi-spectral Jilin-1 satellite imagery of Quito, Ecuador, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10.1080/01431161.2023.2205983

J. Bayona, W. Savran, P. Iturrieta, M. Gerstenberger, K. Graham, W. Marzocchi, D. Schorlemmer, M. Werner (2023) Are Regionally Calibrated Seismicity Models More Informative than Global Models? Insights from California, New Zealand, and Italy, The Seismic Record, 10.1785/0320230006

J. Frieling, T.A. Mather, C. März, H.C. Jenkyns, R. Hennekam, G.-J. Reichart, C.P. Slomp, N.A.G.M. van Helmond (2023) Effects of redox variability and early diagenesis on marine sedimentary Hg records, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 10.1016/j.gca.2023.04.015

Bemelmans, M. J. W., Biggs, J., Poland, M., Wookey, J., Ebmeier, S. K., Diefenbach, A. K., & Syahbana, D. (2023) High-resolution InSAR reveals localized pre-eruptive deformation inside the crater of Agung volcano, Indonesia, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 10.1029/2022JB025669

Laura Sandri, Evgenia Ilyinskaya, Adelina Geyer Traver, Sara Barsotti, Melanie Duncan and Susan Loughlin (2023) The EUROVOLC citizen-science tool: collecting volcano observations from Europe, Europhysics News, 10.1051/epn/2023205

Hussain, E., Kalaycıoğlu, S., Milliner, C.W.D. et al. (2023) Preconditioning the 2023 Kahramanmaraş (Türkiye) earthquake disaster, Nat Rev Earth Environ, 10.1038/s43017-023-00411-2

Olivia R. Hogg, Marie Edmonds, Jon Blundy (2023) Water-rich magmas optimise volcanic chalcophile element outgassing fluxes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118153

Davide Festa, Alessandro Novellino, Ekbal Hussain, Luke Bateson, Nicola Casagli, Pierluigi Confuorto, Matteo Del Soldato, Federico Raspini (2023), Unsupervised detection of InSAR time series patterns based on PCA and K-means clustering, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 10.1016/j.jag.2023.103276

Fikret Dogru, Fabien Albino, Juliet Biggs (2023) Weather model based atmospheric corrections of Sentinel-1 InSAR deformation data at Turkish volcanoes, Geophysical Journal International,10.1093/gji/ggad070

T.J. Craig, E. Calais, L. Fleitout, L. Bollinger, O. Scotti (2023) Time-variable strain and stress rates induced by Holocene glacial isostatic adjustment in continental interiors, Tectonophysics, 10.1016/j.tecto.2023.229815

Garba, S.I., Ebmeier, S.K., Bastin, JF. et al.(2023) Wetland mapping at 10 m resolution reveals fragmentation in southern Nigeria, Wetlands Ecol Manage, 10.1007/s11273-023-09919-2

Jenkins, S., C. Smith, M. Allen and R. Grainger (2023) Tonga eruption increases chance of temporary surface temperature anomaly above 1.5 °C, Nature Climate Change, 10.1038/s41558-022-01568-2

Holmgren, J.M., Kwiatek, G., Werner, M.J. (2023) Nonsystematic rupture directivity of geothermal energy induced microseismicity in Helsinki, Finland, JGR Solid Earth, 10.1029/2022JB025226

Bide, T., Novellino, A., Petavratzi, E., Watson, C.S. (2023) A bottom-up building stock quantification methodology for construction minerals using Earth Observation. The case of Hanoi, Cleaner Environmental Systems,10.1016/j.cesys.2023.100109England, P. C., & Smye, A. J. (2023). Metamorphism and deformation on subduction interfaces: 1. Physical framework. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10.1029/2022GC010644Smye, A. J., & England, P. C. (2023). Metamorphism and deformation on subduction interfaces: 2. Petrological and tectonic implications. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10.1029/2022GC010645Vajedian, S.,  Aflaki, M.,  Mousavi, Z., Ghods, A., Walker, R., Maurer, J. (2023) Seismotectonic modeling of the 2017 Hojedk (Kerman) earthquake sequence from joint inversion of InSAR and offset tracking techniques, Remote Sensing of Environment, 10.1016/j.rse.2023.113461.

Smekens., J-F, Mather., T. A., Burton., M.R., La Spina., A, Kabbabe., K, Esse., B, Matthew., V, Grainger., R.G. (2023) Quantification of gas, ash, and sulphate aerosols in volcanic plumes from open path Fourier transform infrared (OP-FTIR) emission measurements at Stromboli volcano, Italy, Frontiers in Earth Science, 10.3389/feart.2022.1005738

Z. Taracsák, T.A. Mather, S. Ding, T. Plank, M. Brounce, D.M. Pyle, A. Aiuppa, EIMF (2023) Sulfur from the subducted slab dominates the sulfur budget of the mantle wedge under volcanic arcs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117948.

Shen, J., Chen, J., Yu, J. et al. (2023) Mercury evidence from southern Pangea terrestrial sections for end-Permian global volcanic effects. Nat Commun, 10.1038/s41467-022-35272-8

E.W. Dualeh, S.K. Ebmeier, T.J. Wright, M.P. Poland, R. Grandin, A.J. Stinton, M. Camejo-Harry, B. Esse, M. Burton (2023) Rapid pre-explosion increase in dome extrusion rate at La Soufrière, St. Vincent quantified from synthetic aperture radar backscatter, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117980.

J N Williams, M J Werner, K Goda, L N J Wedmore, R De Risi, J Biggs, H Mdala, Z Dulanya, Å Fagereng, F Mphepo, P Chindandali (2023) Fault-based probabilistic seismic hazard analysis in regions with low strain rates and a thick seismogenic layer: a case study from Malawi, Geophysical Journal International, 10.1093/gji/ggad060

Hayer, C., Burton, M., Ferrazzini, V. et al. Unusually high SO2 emissions and plume height from Piton de la Fournaise volcano during the April 2020 eruption (2023) Unusually high SO2 emissions and plume height from Piton de la Fournaise volcano during the April 2020 eruption, Bull Volcanol, 10.1007/s00445-023-01628-1

Israporn Sethanant, Edwin Nissen, Léa Pousse‐Beltran, Eric Bergman, Ian Pierce (2023) The 2020 Mw 6.5 Monte Cristo Range, Nevada, Earthquake: Anatomy of a Crossing‐Fault Rupture through a Region of Highly Distributed Deformation, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 10.1785/0120220166

You can see details of older publications (from 2002) in our Publications archive